Neurological Injury Rehabilitation in South Florida

NEUROMUSCULAR ELECTRICAL STIMULATION (NMES)
Commonly referred to as functional electrical stimulation (FES), the practice of neurological electrical stimulation in physical therapy refers to the utilization of electricity to stimulate the brain in a way that affects a particular muscle of group of muscles. In cases where a patient is in a coma or otherwise immobilized, FES helps guard against muscle atrophy, yet the primary purpose of neurological electrical stimulation is to improve mobility and increase basic motor functions. Some patients report that they experience a marked decrease in levels of chronic pain while engaged in FES treatment as well.
           
The amount of electricity delivered during FES is very small, the benefits are undeniably large. In instances where patients experience muscular seizures and contractions, FES can be used to help break up the contractive cycles, thereby allowing for relaxation and flexibility. Patients who are unable to walk or move their limbs often utilize electrical stimulation to help keep their muscles as active and strong as possible.  
           
One of the most valued areas for utilizing FES is in working with patients who have suffered from a spinal cord injury. By definition, the trauma experienced by the patient results in temporary or permanent paralysis to everything located below the site of injury. There are FES devices which can be utilized to assist with regaining basic motor function and mobility. These are known as neuroprosthetics, and can be integrated into a patient’s treatment plan to maximize the patient’s level of independence, range of motion and overall quality of life. 

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